Carlos D. Szembek
Anomaly in the Thermocline
This 3-year loop shows a modeled cross-section of the equatorial Pacific Ocean (off the coast of Indonesia on the left and off the coast of Ecuador on the right). Of note in the first year is a eastward moving downwelling Kelvin wave along the thermocline, the layer in of abruptly changing temperatures from the warmer surface waters to the colder deep waters. This anomalous wave ultimately culminates with an El Niño event at the end of year 1. The units shown are degrees Celsius.
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